Do you know? SEBI made the DMAT compulsory for all AIFs before 30th April 2024

This article explains the following:

  1. Process of DMAT for AIFs and the complete procedure for conversion
  2. Process of DMAT for AIF investors
  3. How Validus can simplify the laborious process using digital tools
  4. How to get started

Read on…


Within the vibrant ecosystem of Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs), the term “DMAT” is not entirely foreign to fund houses. It’s significance in the realm of AIFs has recently taken centre stage, igniting a sense of urgency and prompting a closer examination.

As AIF fund houses navigate through the intricacies of their offerings, the acronym “DMAT” has emerged as a focal point, signalling a new chapter in the industry’s evolution. With its roots firmly planted in financial infrastructure, DMAT represents a critical component of regulatory compliance and investor engagement. Let’s delve deeper into this transformative initiative mandated by Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), exploring its implications and the journey ahead for AIFs.


Recognizing the need for modernization, SEBI mandated DMAT for AIF units. This move aligns with global standards, fostering a digitally driven ecosystem. DMAT replaces physical share certificates with electronic form, streamlining processes, enhancing transparency, and bolstering investor protection. The mandate signifies a shift towards digitization and automation, offering benefits such as simplified transactions, real-time tracking of ownership, reduced paperwork, and enhanced security. SEBI’s initiative represents a significant step in modernizing India’s financial infrastructure and promoting investor confidence in the AIF industry.

Why DMAT in AIFs?

SEBI’s mandate for DMAT in AIFs signifies a paradigm shift towards transparency, efficiency, and compliance in the alternative investment sector. By embracing digitalization and fostering a culture of accountability, the AIF industry is poised for sustainable growth and investor confidence in the years to come.

By instituting DMAT, SEBI aims to:

Facilitate seamless transactions: DMAT simplifies the buying, selling, and transfer of AIF units, promoting liquidity and market efficiency.
Enhance transparency: Holding AIF units in electronic form ensures a transparent record of ownership, reducing discrepancies and fortifying investor trust.
Strengthen investor protection: DMAT provides a secure mechanism for safeguarding AIF investments, mitigating risks associated with physical documentation and potential fraud.

The DMAT Process:

Now, let’s break down the DMAT process for AIF units:

ISIN Creation: The first step involves the creation of International Securities Identification Number (ISIN) for AIF Schemes, facilitating standardized identification. Documents required for ISIN Creation are:

  1. Company Information as listed in the Master Creation Form
  2. Scheme Information for ISIN creation: Prescribed data in the excel format- we will share this excel with you
  3. Your organization’s digital certificate for agreement signing
  4. Company/Scheme Documentation:
  • Certified copy of Memorandum and Articles of Association
  • Certification of registration of Alternative Investment Fund issued by SEBI
  • Certified copy of Board Resolution for admission of Alternative Investment Fund
  • Certified true copies of Private Placement Memorandum for each scheme
  • Certified true copy of Trust Deed
  • Certified true copy of Annual Financial Statement

Corporate Action: Corporate Actions in AIFs encompass various events affecting unit holders, requiring administrative actions. These include issuance of new units, redemption of units, reinvestment of earnings, mergers and acquisitions, unit consolidation/split, dividend distributions, and changes in fund structure/terms. Each action necessitates meticulous planning and coordination with depositories, emphasizing transparency and efficiency to uphold regulatory compliance and maintain investor confidence.

Timeline: The process, from ISIN creation to completion, typically spans for 5-7 working days, ensuring timely execution of transactions and corporate actions.

Required Documents: Individuals, non-individuals, corporates, and NRIs need to furnish specific documents as per regulatory guidelines to complete the DMAT process.

Below is the list of documents required:

Documents Required for DMAT :
From IndividualsCorporates (Non-Individuals)Non-Resident Indians (NRIs)
KYC DocumentsIncorporation CertificatePassport
Address ProofMemorandum and Articles of AssociationVisa Documents
PAN CardBoard ResolutionForeign Address Proof
Bank Account DetailsKYC Documents of Authorized SignatoriesOverseas Address Proof
AIF Investment DeclarationPower of Attorney (if applicable)OCI/PIO Card (if applicable
 Bank Account DetailBank Account Details
 AIF Investment DeclarationForeign Tax Identification Number (TIN)
  AIF Investment Declaration

Post DMAT Activities:

Reconciliation of Units: This process ensures accurate and transparent records of ownership for investors in electronic form. By meticulously reconciling units, fund houses and RTAs uphold the integrity of the AIF investment ecosystem, facilitating seamless transactions and bolstering investor confidence.

Participating in Corporate Actions Seamlessly: They communicate these corporate actions to investors electronically, enabling them to participate seamlessly and make informed decisions regarding their investments.

Monitoring Investment Portfolios Conveniently Through Electronic Statements: Post-DMAT conversion, AIF fund houses and RTAs provide investors with electronic statements that allow them to monitor their investment portfolios conveniently. These statements contain comprehensive details regarding their AIF holdings, transactions, and any corporate actions, empowering investors with real-time insights into their investments.

Investor Communication and Support: RTAs play a crucial role in communicating with investors and providing support throughout the DMAT conversion process and beyond. They address any queries or concerns raised by investors regarding the transition to DMAT accounts, ensuring a smooth and hassle-free experience.

Compliance Monitoring: IF fund houses and RTAs diligently monitor compliance with regulatory deadlines and requirements related to DMAT conversion. They ensure that all necessary documentation is collected from investors and submitted to the relevant authorities within the stipulated timeline, thereby avoiding penalties and safeguarding investor interests.

Investor Education and Awareness: AIF fund houses and RTAs actively engage in investor education and awareness initiatives to ensure that investors understand the benefits of DMAT conversion and how it impacts their investments.

Collaboration with Depositories and Regulatory Authorities: AIF fund houses and RTAs collaborate closely with depositories and regulatory authorities to ensure smooth implementation and adherence to DMAT regulations. They actively participate in industry forums, committees, and working groups to contribute to the development of best practices and standards in the AIF ecosystem.

Deadline and Compliance

For schemes of AIFs with a corpus equal to or exceeding Rs 500 crore, the dematerialization of all issued units was completed by October 31, 2023. It’s crucial to highlight that for funds with a corpus less than Rs 500 crore, DMAT conversion had to be finalized by April 30th to comply with regulatory deadlines. Failure to adhere to these deadlines may have resulted in penalties and could have negatively impacted investor interests.

What are the consequences if accounts are not converted to DMAT accounts within the stipulated timeline?
In cases where the conversion to DMAT accounts isn’t completed within the specified timeline, the role of an escrow account becomes essential. An escrow account acts as a temporary holding mechanism, ensuring that investor interests are protected during the transition period. Funds related to AIF units are held in the escrow account until the DMAT conversion process is finalized. This ensures that investors retain control over their investments and are safeguarded against any potential risks or uncertainties arising from the delay in DMAT conversion. Once the conversion is completed, the assets held in the escrow account are transferred to the respective DMAT accounts, ensuring a smooth transition without compromising investor security.

What is the significance of DMAT conversion for AIF fund houses?
DMAT conversion is significant for AIF fund houses as it streamlines transactional processes, enhances transparency, and ensures compliance with SEBI regulations, ultimately bolstering investor confidence and market integrity.


What steps do AIF fund houses need to take to comply with SEBI’s DMAT mandate?
AIF fund houses need to facilitate the conversion of AIF units into DMAT form for their investors. This involves coordinating with depositories, collecting necessary documentation from investors, and ensuring timely completion of the conversion process.
Whether scheme wise ISIN has to be created. (each scheme, each class of investors, different fee model etc.)?
Yes, Scheme/Class wise ISIN(s) can be created for admission of the AIF units into the depository system.
How can AIF fund houses assist investors in the DMAT conversion process?
AIF fund houses can assist investors by providing guidance on the DMAT conversion process, collecting required documentation, facilitating communication with depositories, and addressing any concerns or queries raised by investors regarding the transition to DMAT accounts.


In conclusion, the mandate of DMAT in AIFs heralds a new era of efficiency, transparency, and investor protection in the Indian financial landscape. By embracing this digital transformation, investors can navigate the AIF domain with confidence and convenience. Stay informed, stay compliant, and embrace the future of AIF investments with DMAT.

Validus Fintech Pvt Ltd is a SEBI Certified Cat 1 RTA. For more queries, information & services related to RTA & DMAT, kindly write to